Глоссарий (Медицинская энциклопедия)

Barium enema
The use of a milky solution (barium sulfate) given by an enema to allow x-ray examination of the lower intestinal tract.
Barium swallow
The use of a milky solution (barium sulfate) given orally to allow x-ray examination of the upper intestinal tract.
Benign growth
A swelling or growth that is not cancerous and does not spread from one part of the body to another.
Biopsy
The surgical removal of tissue for microscopic examination to aid in diagnosis.
Blood cells
Minute structures produced in the bone marrow; they consist of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
Blood count
The number of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets in a sample of blood.
Bone marrow
The spongy material found inside the bones. Most blood cells are made in the bone marrow.
Bone marrow biopsy and aspiration
The procedure by which a needle is inserted into a bone to withdraw a sample of bone marrow.
Bone marrow suppression
A decrease in the production of blood cells. Bone marrow suppression is a side effect of chemotherapy treatment in come cases
Bone marrow transplant
The infusion of bone marrow into a patient who has been treated with high dose chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Patients may use their own marrow, which in some cases has been frozen.
Allogeneic
The infusion of bone marrow from one individual (donor) to another.
Autologous
The infusion of a patient's own bone marrow previously removed and stored.
Syngeneic
The infusion of bone marrow from one identical twin into another.
Bone scan
A picture of the bones using a radioactive dye that shows any injury, disease, or healing. This is a valuable test to determine if cancer has spread to the bone, if anticancer therapy has been successful, and if affected bony areas are healing.
Breast self-examination (BSE)
A manual self-examination of the breasts.
Bronchoscopy
The insertion of a flexible, lighted tube through the mouth into the lungs to examine the lungs and airways.
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