Глоссарий (Медицинская энциклопедия)

Malignant tumor
A tumor made up of cancer cells of the type that can spread to other parts of the body.
Mammogram (Mammography)
A low-dose x-ray / picture of the breasts to determine whether abnormal growths or cysts are present.
Mastectomy
The surgical removal of the breast.
Mastectomy – Segmental (lumpectomy)
Removal of the lump and a small amount of surrounding breast tissue.
Mastectomy – Simple (modified mastectomy)
Removal of the entire breast.
Mastectomy – Radical
Removal of the entire breast along with underlying muscle and lymph nodes of the armpit.
Melanoma
A cancer of the pigment-forming cells of the skin or the retina of the eye.
Metastasize
To spread from the first cancer site, for example, breast cancer that spreads to the bone.
Monoclonal antibodies
Artificially manufactured antibodies specifically designed to find targets on cancer cells for diagnostic or treatment purposes.
MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging)
A sophisticated test that provides in-depth images of organs and structures in the body.
Mucosa (Mucous membranes)
The lining of the mouth and gastrointestinal tract.
Mucositis
Inflammation of the lining of the mouth or gastrointestinal tract.
Myelogram
An x-ray procedure by which a dye is injected into the spinal column to show any pathology of the spinal cord.
Myeloma
A malignant tumor of the bone marrow associated with the production of abnormal proteins.
Myelosuppression
A decrease in the production of red blood cells, platelets, and some white blood cells by the bone marrow.
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